Foot pain that's caused by a pinched or thickened nerve is a common problem treated by podiatrists. Pinched nerves, or nerve entrapments, cause a characteristic burning, shooting pain and areas of numbness within the foot. One common area for pinched nerve symptoms is the medial (big toe side) of the ankle, extending into the arch and side of the heel. This is often a symptom of a condition called tarsal tunnel syndrome. Another common area for a nerve entrapment is the top of the foot.
A neuroma is another type of nerve problem that often occurs in the foot. Pain and a feeling of pressure between or under the third and fourth toes is often due to a neuroma. Like nerve entrapments, a neuroma may also cause numbness and cramping. To read more about these conditions and how they may be diagnosed and treated, see: Nerve Problems that Cause Foot Pain.